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North Wall of Church Group
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West Wall of Church Group
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Wide Shot of East Wall Corner
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Wall Along San Pablo Church,
looking Southeast

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Detail of Grecas
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Facing San Pablo Church
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Wide Shot of North Wall
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Detail of Diamond Grecas
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Detail of Angled Grecas
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Angled View of West Wall
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Monte Alban
The Ruins at Monte Alban
Ten kilometers (6 miles) from Oaxaca City, atop a mountain ridge, lies the ancient Zapotec city of Monte Alban. At the peak of its development, the city covered forty square kilometers (24 square miles), and had a population estimated at twenty-five thousand.
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View our photographs of selected areas of the Monte Alban archaeological site.

Much of Zapotec history centers on the large archaeological site of Monte Alban. View Monte Alban Site Plan

The site was first occupied some time between 800 and 400 B.C., probably by Zapotecs from the outset.

Archaeologists divide the history of Monte Alban into five phases, or periods:


Christian Dates
500-200 B.C.
200 B.C.--A.D. 250
A.D. 250--700
A.D. 700-1000
A.D. 1000-1500

Los Danzantes

Among the buildings of the main plaza is a group of large carved stone figures. These figures, commonly referred to as Los Danzantes, "The Dancers", are believed to be images of the captured leaders of enemy groups.

View Los Danzantes


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